Objective: This study tested the hypothesis that a relationship exists between periodontal disease status and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU). Materials and methods: The periodontal status of 60 individuals admitted to the ICU of the Dutra University Hospital was determined, including measurement of visible plaque, gingival bleeding, and clinical attachment level. Data were analyzed by Chi-square or Fisher’s exact tests, unpaired Student’s t-test and multivariate logistic regression. Results: Patients with VAP showed higher prevalence of periodontitis (25%) than those in the control group (12.5%), but without statistical difference (p = 0.22). After multivariate analysis, risk factors for ventilator-associated pneumonia included diabetes mellitus (OR = 27.76, 95% CI = 1.95-393, p = 0.014), and mechanical ventilation for longer than 10 days (OR = 12.1, 95% CI = 1.65-87.9, p = 0.014). Conclusion: Within the limits of this study, no association between periodontitis and ventilator-associated pneumonia was found. The presence of diabetes and invasive mechanical ventilation duration (> 10 days) were risk factors for pneumonia even after the adjustment of variables.
|Relationship between Periodontal Status and Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Camila Maria Simas Almondes, Luana Carneiro Diniz Souza, Danielly de Fátima Castro Leite, Vandilson Pinheiro Rodrigues, Fernanda Ferreira Lopes and Maria Carmen Fontoura Nogueira da Cruz||Download|
|Effect of Vitamin D Supplementation on the Salivary Cytokines of Pregnant Women: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial Farhan Raza Khan, Najeeha Talat Iqbal, Kumail Ahmed, Tashfeen Ahmad, Rabia Hussain and Zulfi qar Ahmed Bhutta||Download|
|Treatment of Multiple Gingival Recessions Using a Minimally Invasive Coronally Advanced Tunnel: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial Divya Khanna, Joann Pauline George, Irfana S. Babrawala, Remigus Divakaran, Smiti Bhardwaj and Pornika Chakraborty||Download|
|Efficacy of Two Pre-Procedural Rinses at Two Different Temperatures in Reducing Aerosol Contamination Produced During Ultrasonic Scaling in a Dental Set-up - A Microbiological Study Amruta Arun Joshi, Ashvini Mukul Padhye and Himani Swatantrakumar Gupta||Download|
|Subgingival Irrigation with a Solution of 20% Propolis Extract as an Adjunct to Non-Surgical Periodontal Treatment: A Preliminary Study Dennia Perez de Andrade, Isabel Chaves Silva Carvalho, Bruno Henrique Godoi, Luis Carlos Laureano Rosa, Lídia Maria Ruv Carelli Barreto and Debora Pallos||Download|